The Bestiary

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Hanjuu - 半獣

Only technically "beasts", Hanjuu are half-beasts with the intellects and sentience of humans. They can change between their human and beast forms at will.

 

Cat hanjuu

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Cat hanjuu

Anime-only character. A nameless cat hanjuu on a ship Asano rides on.

Kantai

桓魋

Kantai

Kantai is half bear, half human. See Kantai.

Rakushun

楽俊

Rakushun mouse form
Rakushun human form

Rakushun is half rat, half man. See Rakushun.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Kijuu - 騎獣

Kijuu are tamed youjuu.

 

Hien

飛燕

Hien

A tenba belonging to Risai.

Keito

計都

Keito

A suugu belonging to Gyousou.

Hakuto

白と

Hakuto

A moukyoku that belongs to Shushou's family. Of all the kijuu her family owns, Hakuto is Shushou's favorite.

Seisai

星彩

A suugu belonging to Rikou.

Setsuko

赤虎

A sekko belonging to Riyou. Setsuko scares Suzu half to death by following her when Suzu is sent by Riyou to get her rare mushrooms.

Tama

たま

A suugu belonging to Shouryuu.

Tama

たま

A suugu belonging to Shouryuu. Shouryuu lends this Tama to Rakushun.

Tora

とら

A suugu belonging to Shouryuu that he lends to Taiki.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Nyokai - 女怪

Nyokai are creatures that are between humans and youjuu, and are therefore called nin'you (人妖) or youjin (妖人). Only the special ones born on Mt. Hou are called nyokai. For every kirin there is a nyokai. The nyokai are the guardians of their respective kirin from even before their birth, while they are still in the ranka. Their ranka grow on the roots of the Shashinboku (the riboku tree on Mt. Hou) while the ranka of their kirin grow on the branches. Both the nyokai and kirin ranka are golden in color, a stark contrast to the typical human red. The Nyokai live to serve the kirin.

 

Isai

尹灑

Isai

Kourin's nyokai.

Kaiko

芥瑚

Kaiko

Keiki's nyokai.

Haku Sanshi

白汕子

Haku Sanshi

Taiki's nyokai.

Yokuhi

沃飛

Yokuhi

Enki's nyokai.

 

 

Unnamed nyokai

The unnamed nyokai of the yet-to-be-born new kirin of Kou.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Reijuu - 霊獣

Sacred beasts.

 

Tenhaku

天伯

The sacred beast that guards Reiken Gate. It has a strange appearance that can be termed neither youma nor youjuu. It has the body of a dragon, with large wings. Its voice come out sounding like it's growling, and it can take on human shape. Its human form looks like an old man with his limbs bound by black steel. He opens the Reiken Gate. It is rumored that it likes in the rousuu.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Shinjuu - 神獣

Shinjuu are divine beasts.

 

Genbu

玄武

A divine beast which resembles a turtle and is about the size of a small island. After the coronation of a ruler, the ruler and kirin ride Genbu to their kingdom's palace.

Kirin

麒麟

Enki Keiki Kourin Taiki

Kirin are similar to hanjuu in that they have both human and beast forms. However, their beast form is invariably that of the mythical kirin (which greatly resembles a shaggy unicorn). They are holy creatures, and there can be no more than twelve of them at a time—one to serve each of the twelve kingdoms. They, and they alone can choose the rulers of the twelve kingdoms.

Kirin are herbivores by nature. They dislike conflict, and exposure to blood—even their own—will make them ill. Prolonged exposure, such as that suffered by Taiki in Tasogare no Kishi, Akatsuki no Sora, can bring them close to death.

Though some of them are given nicknames by their rulers, and they also hold the titles of Taiho and Saiho, the most commonly used name for kirin (interkindom) is developed through combining their country name (i.e. "Kou" or "Kei") with the suffix of "rin" (from kirin) for females, or "ki" (also from kirin) for males. (e.g. Kourin or Keiki).

The kirin introduced in the series are: Enki, Hanrin, Hourin, Keiki, Kourin, Kyouki, Renrin, Ryuuki, Sairin, Shunki, Sourin, Taiki.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Shirei - 使令

Shirei are youma that have contracted themselves to protect and serve a kirin on the condition that when the kirin dies, the shirei get to eat their remains. (Apparently, kirin are very tasty. No, actually, the remains of the kirin still retain of the kirin's powers. The shirei then eat the remains, and because of the contract they had with the kirin, they are able to absorb that power.) Shirei have the ability to command others of their kind should a kirin command it of them.

 

Enki's

Kibou

徽芒

Kibou

A sanki youma.

Rikaku

悧角

Rikaku

A shouhi youma.

 

 

 

Keiki's

Hankyo

班渠

Hankyo

An isoku youma

Hyouki

驃騎

Hyouki

A kogou youma.

Jakko

雀胡

Jakko

A hiso youma. Jakko is only technically a shirei, as it does not really have the power to be a shirei. Keiki only tamed Jakko as an example when he was teaching Taiki about getting shirei.

Jouyuu

冗祐

Jouyuu

A hinman youma.

Juusaku

重朔

Juusaku

A youwa youma.

 

 

 

Kourin's

Kyokai

 

Kyokai

A kiki youma.

 

 

 

Renrin's

Hanshi

半嗣

Hanshi is a youma that looks like a deep black shadow. It found Takasato's high school for Renrin when the search for Taiki after his second disappearance was going on.

Juuko

什鈷

 

 

 

 

Taiki's

Gouran

傲濫

Gouran right after being bound by Taiki

Gouran

The toutetsu Taiki binds, which after its binding takes the form of a small white dog.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Youjuu - 妖獣

While youma are fantastical demons, youjuu are fantastical beasts. In theory, anyone is capable of taming a youjuu, while only the holy kirin are capable of taming youma, as youma naturally have a far more vicious disposition. Tamed youjuu are called kijuu, while tamed/contracted youma are shirei. Youjuu cannot be made into shirei. Youjuu have no riboku tree from whence they are born and it is said that there are no infant youjuu. Although there are both male and female youjuu, females are extremely rare. The youjuu feed off of youma meat, though because they are often hunted (probably to be tamed into kijuu) many of them attack humans. Ayakashi (妖) is a general term used to refer to both youma and youjuu.

 

Haku

Horse-like youjuu that have a single, sharp horn, and thick claws instead of hooves. Their skin shines silver when hit by light. They can fly long distances faster than boats can travel them. They are omnivorous, and their voices are several pitches higher than that of horses.

Kitsuryou

吉量

The kitsuryou Shoukei stole from Kyou-ou Shushou

Youjuu that resemble horses. They have red manes and their bodies have white stripes. They can be tamed to fly as kijuu.

Moukyoku

孟極

Shushou's moukyoku, Hakuto

Youjuu that resemble white leopards, with golden eyes and a white tail. They are intelligent and mild-manned. They often try to understand people, and become emotionally attached to their masters. When someone calls to them they will go to them without thinking too deeply about it. They are not good fliers, but whether by land or in the air, they are three times faster than horses.

Rokushoku

鹿蜀

Youjuu capable of flying.

Sansui

三騅

Blue, horse-like youjuu that cannot fly. They run out of breath quickly and though not very fast, are three times faster than horses. Suzu buys a sansui in her desire for revenge against Shoukou.

Sekifuu

積風

Flying bird-like youma. Kantai uses a sekifuu to meet with Gekkei.

Sekko

赤虎

Youjuu that resemble tigers and can run in midair.

Suugu

騶虞

Tiger-like youjuu suited for combat. They give off the impression of being very fierce and strong. They have complex, pearl-esque black eyes and black and white stripes. Their tails are as long as their bodies, and their fur is harder than it looks. They are the fastest of all kijuu and are very brave, determined, and intelligent. They are hard to get a hold of. Fast, bold, and sly, they like agate. They can cross a entire kingdom in single day. If you captured and tamed one, you could live the rest of your life off what you sold it for.

Tenba

天馬

A dog-like youjuu capable of flying. They are tame by nature.

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Youma - 妖魔

Youma are basically demons. Many of them eat humans and they are greatly feared by the citizens of the Twelve Kingdoms. If youma are prowling around, that is a sign that that kingdom is becoming unstable due to either the abscence or instability of the monarch. The only beings capable of taming youma are the kirin. The kirin contract with the youma so that the youma protect and serve the kirin, and in return are allowed to devour the power-ridden remains of the kirin when he/she dies. Ayakashi (妖) is a general term used to refer to both youma and youjuu.

 

Bafuku

馬腹

A somewhat tiger-like youma, with the body of a tiger and the face of a human.

Chouyuu

ちょうゆう

A chouyuu youma

A monkey-like youma with long arms.

Gouyu

ごうゆ

A boar-like youma.

Hinman

賓満

A liquidy, blue colored youma able to control a human body.

Hippou

畢方

A bird-like youma.

Hiso

飛鼠

The hiso Jakko after Keiki tames it

A rabbit-like youma with short ears, or it could be a big mouse-like youma with a long, thin body. "Hiso" literally means "flying rat."

Isoku

猗即

A large, dog-like youma.

Jouyou

じょうよう

A serpent-like youma that lives in the sea and eats other youma.

Kasso

褐狙

A youma with red fur, black eyes, the body of a large tiger and the face of a wolf.

Kiki

きき

Kiki

A youma that resembles a feral black dog.

Kingen

きんげん

A youma that resembles a giant chicken, but with a poisonous tail shaped like a small knife.

Kochou

蟲雕

Youko fighting a kouchou

A crow-like youma.

Kogou

鉤吾

 

Kyuuki

窮奇

A kyuuki attacking the rike

A type of flying tiger, Kyuuki are fierce, man-eating youma. In the series, a Kyuuki attacks the rike Youko stays at.

Oumu

おうむ

Kou-ou about to divide an oumu

A parrot-like youma. Kou-ou Chou uses an oumu to communicate with Kourin and others. It can apparently be pulled apart into duplicate forms.

Saikyo

さいきょ

A bull-like youma.

Sanki

山輝

A weasel-like youma.

Sanyo

酸與

A snake with the stature of a man. It has rainbow-colored scales covering its stomach, three legs and four wings.

Shouhi

しょうひ

A wolf-like youma with a tail split in three parts.

Shuen

朱厭

An enourmous red-haired ape with white fur around its neck. It has pointed teeth, claws like those of raptors and is capable of smiling.

Tenken

天犬

The tenken Rokuta

An enourmous, red, wolf-like youma. Its name literally means "heavenly dog." Rokuta is a tenken.

Toutetsu

饕餮

A very large and amorphous youma. Toutetsu are among the most fearsome and powerful youma in the Twelve Kingdoms. Taiki is the first kirin to have ever been able to contract a toutetsu into becoming a shirei.

Youwa

雍和

 

 

 

 

 

Hanjuu (半獣) | Kijuu (騎獣) | Nyokai (女怪) | Reijuu (霊獣) | Shinjuu (神獣)

Shirei (使令) | Youjuu (妖獣) | Youma (妖魔) | Other (その他)

 

Others その他

Those that don't fit in any other category.

 

Hakuchi

白雉

During its lifetime, a hakuchi cries out with a human voice only twice: once during the coronation of an emperor, and once when the emperor dies. Consequently, it also sometimes is called "nisei" (二声、"two voices"). When it finishes its second call it dies on the spot. In the abscence of an emperor, it is customary to use the leg and foot of the dead hakuchi in place of the Imperial Seal.

Hou-Ou

鳳凰

A pair of birds in each kingdom. The hou is male and the ou is female. The ou of one country can communicate with the ou of another. The hou cries when the ou receives important news.

Rokuta

ろくた

A Tenken youma that Kouya befriends and names after Enki Rokuta.

Seichou

青鳥

A seichou

A blue bird that government officials (and anyone else who can afford them) use to communicate with officials in other kingdoms.

Shingyo

箴魚

A rare fish found in the Sea of Emptiness.

 

 

 

References: Twelve Kingdoms/Juuni Kokki page youma list and encyclopedia, as well as Eugene Woodbury's blog. 12k-TP's The Twelve Kingdoms Fansite anime notes also helped fill in a few gaps, and I'm indebted to 十二麒麟・juunikirin and 十二国記の部屋 for a lot of the kanji, as well as a great deal of info.